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Editor-in-chief
Maria Stella Graziani

Deputy Director
Martina Zaninotto

Associate Editors
Ferruccio Ceriotti
Davide Giavarina
Bruna Lo Sasso
Giampaolo Merlini
Martina Montagnana
Andrea Mosca
Paola Pezzati
Rossella Tomaiuolo
Matteo Vidali

EIC Assistant
Francesco Busardò

International Advisory Board Khosrow Adeli Canada
Sergio Bernardini Italy
Marcello Ciaccio Italy
Eleftherios Diamandis Canada
Philippe Gillery France
Kjell Grankvist Sweden
Hans Jacobs The Netherlands
Eric Kilpatrick UK
Magdalena Krintus Poland
Giuseppe Lippi Italy
Mario Plebani Italy
Sverre Sandberg Norway
Ana-Maria Simundic Croatia
Tommaso Trenti Italy
Cas Weykamp The Netherlands
Maria Willrich USA
Paul Yip Canada


Publisher
Biomedia srl
Via L. Temolo 4, 20126 Milano

Responsible Editor
Giuseppe Agosta

Editorial Secretary
Chiara Riva
Biomedia srl
Via L. Temolo 4, 20126 Milano
Tel. 0245498282
email: biochimica.clinica@sibioc.it

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ISSN print: 0393 – 0564
ISSN digital: 0392- 7091



BC: Articoli scritti da A. Maregnani

Valutazione di IgG e IgM anti-SARS-CoV-2 su Maglumi 800 (Snibe)
Evaluation of Anti-SARS-CoV-2 immunoglobulin G and M on Snibe Maglumi 800
<p>Introduction: the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is a due to new beta-coronavirus causing the pandemic called Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The evaluation of the presence of immunoglobulin G and M anti-SARS-CoV-2 (IgG and IgM) is important to understand the epidemiology of the disease and to confirm the presence of the disease when clinical signs are present, but RNA is not detected.<br />Methods: leftover serum samples from different types of patients were used: sera from biobank collected in 2018 as negative controls; patients recovering from the disease as positive controls; patients presenting at the Emergency Room with a positive rhino-pharyngeal swab; patients in Intensive Care Units. Anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG and IgM were measured with MAGLUMI 2019-nCoV IgM/IgG Kits on Maglumi 800.<br />Results: one out of 61 expected negative resulted positive, and 2 were borderline for IgG (95% specificity, 95%CI 89.6-100), 1 positive for IgM (98.4% specificity, 95%CI 95.2-100); one out of 41 expected IgG positive resulted negative (97.6% sensitivity, 95%CI 92.8-100). All the 13 Intensive Care patients were positive for IgG, 11 for IgM. IgG were negative in 50.9% of the 55 swab positive from Emergency Room patients, while IgM were negative in 87.3%.<br />Discussion: sensitivity and specificity of the test appear good for IgG, some false positive is expected and low antibody titles in subjects with no disease story should be rechecked with an alternative method. IgM show a good specificity, but the unexpected low percentage of positivity in Emergency Room patients compared to IgG, pose some relevant doubts on the sensitivity of the test.</p>
Biochimica Clinica ; 44(4) 025-026
COVID-19 - COVID-19
 
Utilità dell’esame citologico del liquido cerebrospinale
Clinical utility of cerebrospinal fluid cytological examination
<p>Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of a 64 year old malepatient was sent from the hematology unit to laboratory for cell count and morphology and chemical-physicalexamination. CSF was clear, colourless and with increased total protein concentration. Cell count was first performedin Burker camera with a result of 40/&mu;L; some of the cells showed an abnormal morphology. Our laboratory workflowincludes the CSF examination utilizing an automatic cell counter: it showed a few white blood cells (3/&mu;L), but a highnumber of total cells (64/&mu;L). The morphological evaluation, with cytocentrifugation and May-Grunwald Giemsa stain,identified the elements as mature plasma cells; the result was then confirmed by immunophenotyping.<br />These findings suggest a neurological localization of a multiple myeloma (MM). Actually, the patient had beendiagnosed as IgA lambda MM, with bone involvement that caused progressive loss of walk. Positron EmissionTomography revealed hyperdense areas, but it wasn&rsquo;t able to distinguish between lymphoproliferative disease andthrombotic phlogosis. In spite of the therapy, patient neurological conditions worsened till irreversible coma. He dieda few days later.</p>
Biochimica Clinica ; 43(2) e17-e19
Casi Clinici - Case Report