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Editor-in-chief
Maria Stella Graziani

Deputy Director
Martina Zaninotto

Associate Editors
Ferruccio Ceriotti
Davide Giavarina
Bruna Lo Sasso
Giampaolo Merlini
Martina Montagnana
Andrea Mosca
Paola Pezzati
Rossella Tomaiuolo
Matteo Vidali

EIC Assistant
Francesco Busardò

International Advisory Board Khosrow Adeli Canada
Sergio Bernardini Italy
Marcello Ciaccio Italy
Eleftherios Diamandis Canada
Philippe Gillery France
Kjell Grankvist Sweden
Hans Jacobs The Netherlands
Eric Kilpatrick UK
Magdalena Krintus Poland
Giuseppe Lippi Italy
Mario Plebani Italy
Sverre Sandberg Norway
Ana-Maria Simundic Croatia
Tommaso Trenti Italy
Cas Weykamp The Netherlands
Maria Willrich USA
Paul Yip Canada


Publisher
Biomedia srl
Via L. Temolo 4, 20126 Milano

Responsible Editor
Giuseppe Agosta

Editorial Secretary
Chiara Riva
Biomedia srl
Via L. Temolo 4, 20126 Milano
Tel. 0245498282
email: biochimica.clinica@sibioc.it

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ISSN print: 0393 – 0564
ISSN digital: 0392- 7091



BC: Articoli scritti da BM. Goffredo

Approccio combinato tra il monitoraggio terapeutico del farmaco (TDM) e farmacogenetica per l’applicazione della medicina personalizzata nella pratica clinica
Combined approach of TDM and pharmacogenetics for application of personalized medicine in the clinical practice
<p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;<span style="font-size:9.0pt">Therapeutic Drug Monitoring (TDM) can be defined as the assessing of the adequacy of the drug plasma concentrations to a target concentration or to a concentration window at a specific time in a dosing interval. Following appropriate clinical interpretation and according to the drug pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) properties, this evaluation can guide dosing optimization. However, finding the optimal dosing in order to guarantee a therapeutic exposure remains complicated. Sources of PK variability, including age, genetic heritage, and disease conditions, influence the chances of achieving adequate therapeutic outcomes. Another important aspect related to drug efficacy and safety is the Pharmacogenetics (PGx). Genetic variants or single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in genes encoding for metabolizing enzymes and membrane carriers, may affect drug response and/or toxicity. A combination of TDM and PGx could represent a personalized approach in clinical practice especially for off-label drugs used in polytherapy and characterized by a narrow therapeutic index. TDM combined to PGx represents an useful tool that could help clinicians in tailoring pharmacological therapies. We present here three case reports related to pediatric patients who have shown adverse drug reactions in response to therapies with phenytoin (PHT), voriconazole (VO) and isoniazid (INH).</span></p>
Biochimica Clinica ; 46(4) e31
Casi Clinici - Case Report
 
Indicazioni per l’armonizzazione degli intervalli terapeutici dei farmaci antibatterici
Indications for the harmonization of the therapeutic intervals of antibacterial drugs.
<p>In the last years infections due to multi-drug resistant Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria have increased. The accurate measurement of plasma concentrations of antibacterial drugs is crucial to identify antimicrobial therapies based on pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics (PK/PD) strategies. The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of the currently available information on PK/PD, minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) and their relationships, for optimal antibacterial treatment in daily practice. Relevant papers reporting PK/PD data on different antibiotics, administered intravenously for the treatment of infections due to bacteria with reduced sensitivity or overt resistance to antibiotics, have been retrieved from the PubMed database. The classes of drugs considered were: beta-lactams, aminoglycosides, glycopeptides, lipopeptides, fluoroquinolones, tetracyclines, polymyxins and oxazolidinones. A short summary was prepared for each class of drugs and for specific drugs as well, including data on the mechanism of action, spectrum of activity and resistance, PK/PD index and target values related to MIC.&nbsp;</p>
Biochimica Clinica ; 46(4) 347
Documenti - Documents
 
Indicazioni per l’armonizzazione dell’intervallo terapeutico nel monitoraggio plasmatico dei farmaci antiretrovirali
Indications for the harmonization of the plasma therapeutic ranges in the antiretroviral drugs monitoring
Biochimica Clinica ; 46(3) 247-254
Documenti - Documents